Bollywood is the informal
name given to the popular Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in
India. The term is often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of Indian
cinema. Bollywood is only a part of the Indian film industry.
The name is a portmanteau of Bombay (the former name for Mumbai) and
Hollywood, the center of the American film industry. Though some deplore the
name, arguing that it makes the industry look like a poor cousin to
Hollywood, it seems likely to persist and now has its own entry in the
Oxford English Dictionary.
Bollywood is commonly referred to as Hindi cinema, even though Hindustani,
the substratum common to both Hindi and Urdu, might be more accurate.
Bollywood consists of the languages of Hindi, Urdu and English. The use of
poetic Urdu words is fairly common. The connection between Hindi, Urdu, and
Hindustani is an extremely contentious matter.
There has been a growing presence of Indian English in dialogue and songs as
well. It is not uncommon to see films that feature dialogue with English
words and phrases, even whole sentences. There is a growing number of
English films. A few films are also made in two or even three languages
(either using subtitles, or several soundtracks).